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Song Lyrics for Tata San Juan

Suma sikur vailind aka
markar hiwasah purhtan
Tata sa huanaru kongortasirih a….
Humas nayas wawanahpatan hiwasan
Aka karikima (ma) rkasaruh a…

Suma ch'ahch'e turulyanahaly
churchistan tata sa huana
Hiwasah suma urup loktatan ukah a…
Humas nayas taque chima (ma) khatan?ane
Tata san huanan sikur vailipande

Maina – Drama . Adventure full movie

Maina – Drama . Adventure full movie

Maïna is the daughter of the Innu leader Mishtenapuu, who attends a bloody confrontation between his clan and the clan of "Men of the Land of Ice." Following this confrontation, Maïna chooses a mission that will change her life. To fulfill the promise that she has made to her friend Matsii on her deathbed, she embarked on the trail of their enemies to deliver Nipki, a 11 year old boy that the Inuit have captured. But she was also taken as prisoner by Natak, the leader of the Inuit group, and forcibly taken to the Land of Ice. Actors:Graham Greene , Tantoo Cardinal , Reneltta Arluk
Directors:Michel Poulette

Ancestral Puebloan mtDNA in Context of the Greater Southwest

J Archaeol Sci. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2011 Jul 1.
Published in final edited form as:
J Archaeol Sci. 2010 Jul 1; 37(7): 1635–1645.
doi: 10.1016/j.jas.2010.01.024
Meradeth H. Snow, corresponding author
University of California, Davis Anthropology Department, Young Hall One Shields Avenue Davis CA 95616
Kathy R. Durand
Eastern New Mexico University
David Glenn Smith
University of California, Davis

Ancient DNA (aDNA) was extracted from the human remains of seventy-three individuals from the Tommy and Mine Canyon sites (dated to PI-II and PIII, respectively), located on the B-Square Ranch in the Middle San Juan region of New Mexico. The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups of forty-eight (65.7%) of these samples were identified, and their frequency distributions were compared with those of other prehistoric and modern populations from the Greater Southwest and Mexico. The haplogroup frequency distributions for the two sites were statistically significantly different from each other, with the Mine Canyon site exhibiting an unusually high frequency of haplogroup A for a Southwestern population, indicating the possible influence of migration or other evolutionary forces. However, both sites exhibited a relatively high frequency of haplogroup B, typical of Southwestern populations, suggesting continuity in the Southwest, as has been hypothesized by others (S. Carlyle 2003; Carlyle, et al. 2000; Kemp 2006; Malhi, et al. 2003; Smith, et al. 2000). The first hypervariable region of twenty-three individuals (31.5%) was also sequenced to confirm haplogroup assignments and compared with other sequences from the region. This comparison further strengthens the argument for population continuity in the Southwest without a detectable influence from Mesoamerica.

1. Introduction
The relationship between ancestral Pueblo people of the US Southwest and other populations in the region has long been the focus of archaeological attention. As Cameron (1995) notes, after a long period of neglect, migration has again moved to the forefront of our interpretations of population dynamics in the prehistoric Southwest (Clark 2001; Mills 2008; Reed 2008; Wilshusen and Van Dyke 2006; Windes 2007). While areas that experienced regional depopulation are easy to identify, determining the location to which people emigrated, particularly based on material culture, is less straightforward (Lathrap 1956). More recently, both modern and ancient DNA (aDNA) have been used to address migration hypotheses (Carlyle 2003; Carlyle, et al. 2000; Leblanc, et al. 2007; Malhi, et al. 2003).


The Spanish Language of New Mexico and Southern Colorado – YouTube

Neddy Vigil, research professor in UNM's Department of Spanish and Portuguese and director of UNM's Language Learning Center, and Garland Bills, UNM professor emeritus of linguistics and of Spanish and Portuguese, discuss their book, "The Spanish Language of New Mexico and Southern Colorado," a linguistic atlas that delves into Spanish as it is spoken by the Hispanic population of New Mexico and southern Colorado.

History shows the condition of New Mexican Spanish and what the future holds for its speakers. With two major dialect regions, one in the north and one in the south, detailed maps illustrate the geography of linguistic variation for the Spanish spoken in the region.

Nancy R. Slone (1972-2009)

It is with deep sadness that we record the passing of another member of the extended Martinez family.

nancy_sloanMonte Vista, Colo. resident Nancy R. Slone, 36, passed on July 16, 2009 in Montrose, Colo.  She was born in Denver, Colo. to Alfonso and Nickie Martinez.

Nancy enjoyed being with her loving family.  She has one daughter, Stephanie Martinez and one son, Brandon Martinez.  She loved riding her bikes, taking her evening walks, cooking, singing, dancing, and making everyone laugh.

She is survived by her parents Alfonso and Nickie Martinez of Monte Vista; children Stephanie and Brandon Martinez; sisters Yvette, Lisa, Loreen and Gearlene; brothers Anthony and Roddy; by 14 nieces, 7 nephews and numerous great-nieces and great-nephews, uncles, aunts and cousins.

Nancy was preceded in death by Tillie Martinez and Tila Trevizo.

Scheduled Services
Services are pending and will be announced through Rogers Family Mortuary of Monte Vista.  Contributions are suggested to the Martinez family in Nancy’s name and may be made through the funeral home office.

Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation

PubMed – NCBI

Human mitochondrial DNA is widely used as tool in many fields including evolutionary anthropology and population history, medical genetics, genetic genealogy, and forensic science. Many applications require detailed knowledge about the phylogenetic relationship of mtDNA variants. Although the phylogenetic resolution of global human mtDNA diversity has greatly improved as a result of increasing sequencing efforts of complete mtDNA genomes, an updated overall mtDNA tree is currently not available. In order to facilitate a better use of known mtDNA variation, we have constructed an updated comprehensive phylogeny of global human mtDNA variation, based on both coding- and control region mutations. This complete mtDNA tree includes previously published as well as newly identified haplogroups, is easily navigable, will be continuously and regularly updated in the future, and is online available at

Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation. – PubMed – NCBI.

DNA of San Luis Valley Hispanos focus of study

February 14, 2009 03:28 am

SAN PABLO – The history of Hispanics in the San Luis Valley has been drawn from the written and spoken word.

But starting at the end of the month, genetic researchers hope to tell that history through DNA. The Hispano/Latino HapMap Project will host a pair of informational meetings Feb. 21 in San Pablo.

The study hopes to reveal the history of Hispanic families as traced in their genes and will compare the DNA from families in the San Luis Valley to the DNA of other Hispanic populations in the Americas.

The project, which is sponsored by the New York University School of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Cornell University, is directed by Dr. Harry Ostrer.

A member of the faculty at NYU, Ostrer said the study was drawn to the area because of the stability of the population, which can be traced back to the colonization of northern New Mexico by the Spanish.

Participants in the study will be asked to donate two small tubes of blood. They'll also be asked to provide genealogical information such as the dates and places of birth for their parents and grandparents.

In return, participants will all receive a report at the end of the study that will include a broad picture of community ancestry and the relatedness of people in the community.

The study will show the proportions of Hispanic stock, including the amounts of Spanish, other European, Native American and possibly Arabic, Asian and Jewish blood, according to a press release issued by the study's sponsors.

Although the study will not report individual ancestry, Ostrer said the privacy of individuals in the study will be protected.

"That's the key issue here," he said. "We don't want to say that Miguel or Angel or Bob is more this or that compared to the others."

For researchers, the information from the study could be used to document the differences in Hispanic populations around the world and in the U.S.

"We think that Dominicans and Puerto Ricans in New York City are different from Hispanos who live in Southern Colorado," he said.

While the study will not give individual participants information about genetic susceptibility to disease, Ostrer said the study would help researchers develop tools for future investigations on disease risks.

There is no cost to participants in the study.


The project will host meetings Feb. 21 from 10 a.m. to noon and 2 to 4 p.m. at T-ana's Restaurant in San Pablo. The restaurant is located at 8588 Costilla County Rd. 21.

Noreen Coughlin Chandler

Noreen Coughlin Chandler, a World War II veteran and a long time resident of the Denver area, passed peacefully at her home surrounded by family on March 16, 2008. Noreen Chandler
Noreen Chandler, 1916 – 2008
She was 91 years old.

Born on a ranch near Nanton, Alberta, Canada in 1916, the granddaughter of Irish immigrants graduated from nurse's training at St. Joseph's Hospital in London, Ontario. She became a U.S. citizen in July 1943 and was commissioned as a 2nd lieutenant in the U.S. Army Nurses Corps in January 1945. A number of different postings over 2 years ended at Bruns General Hospital in Santa Fe, NM where she met and married Major Robert J. Chandler.

Noreen Chandler
Noreen Chandler (center) with daughter Laura Martinez (right) and Alejandra Martinez (left)
Taos, NM – August 15, 2001.
She was dedicated to the care and raising of her four children, and also pursued a passion for golf, remaining active in the women's golf group at Pinehurst CC into her mid-eighties.

Preceded in death by her husband Robert, survivors include sons James Chandler of San Francisco, Michael Chandler of New York City; daughters Susan Chandler of Denver, Laura Chandler Martinez of Tucson; three grandchildren; and her sister, Pat Davis of Calgary, Alberta.

A private rosary and funeral service was held at Light of the World Catholic Parish, with burial at Fort Logan National Cemetery.

Contributions may be made to
Freedom From Hunger

Raymond Frank Balerio

Raymond Frank Balerio
April 8, 1928 – March 9, 2008

Raymond F. Balerio of Grand Junction passed away at his home with his family at his side on Sunday, March 9, 2008. raymondbalerio.jpgHe was 79 years of age.

Raymond was born on April 8, 1928 at Alamosa, CO to Genevevo and Vicentita Romero Balerio. He spent his childhood in Alamosa and attended schools there. raymondbalerio2.jpgHe served with the U. S. Air Force during WWII and was a member of the American Legion.

Raymond was a member of St. Joseph Catholic Church. Raymond worked as a heavy equipment operator for the Grand Junction Drainage District. He enjoyed gardening, travel and especially being with his family and participating in family activities. One of his greatest joys was driving through the valley and watching all the new growth.

On June 30, 1947, Raymond married Maria L. Martinez. She survives him. Other survivors include three sons and two daughters-in-law, Julian and Josephine Balerio, Don and Eva Balerio and Gerald Balerio; two daughters and sons-in-law, Pauline and Fred Gallegos, and Diane and Phillip Raimer, all of Grand Junction; a sister Jennie Johnson of Alamosa, CO, 14 grandchildren and 21 great grandchildren. His parents, two sons Lawrence and Steve, two sisters and one brother preceded him in death.

The Rosary will be prayed on Sunday at 4:00 p.m. at Callahan-Edfast Mortuary. A memorial mass will be celebrated on Monday, March 17, 2008 at 11:00 a.m. at St. Joseph Catholic Church. Burial will follow the mass at Veterans Memorial Cemetery of Western Colorado at 1:00 p.m. Memorial contributions may be made to Hospice & Palliative Care of Western Colorado P. O. Box 60307 Grand Junction, CO 81506.